At the end of the recent ice age, glaciers carved the Catharine Valley, and the Seneca Indians, of the Iroquois Indian Nation, were the first inhabitants. Cook Cemetery Memorial Park in Montour Falls, honors Catharine Montour, leader of the Senecas. Revolutionary War soldiers followed footpaths of Seneca Indians to burn Iroquois farms and villages, part of the Sullivan Campaign. The trail follows the Queen Catharine Marsh, considered the link to the outside world before the railroad. The land is now a walking-biking trail.